Leonardo da Vinci was born on this day in 1452. The world-renowned polymath excelled as a painter, sculptor, architect, designer, theorist, engineer, and scientist, though he was often more interested in the design and exploratory phases of his work than bringing them to completion. Widely recognized as the father of the High Renaissance, even though he was of the same generation as Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510), Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449-94), and Filippino Lippi (1457-1504), rather than Michelangelo (1475-1564) or Raphael (1483-1520). Though Leonardo famously didn’t complete a number of major commissions, those that he did are today some of the most recognizable images of the Italian Renaissance.
Drapery Study, 1470-84, brush and grey distemper on grey canvas, Musée du Louvre, Paris
Adoration of the Magi, 1481-82, oil on panel, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
Portrait of Cecilia Gallerani (Lady with an Ermine), 1483-90, oil on wood, Czartoryski Museum, Cracow
Mona Lisa, 1503-5, oil on panel, Musée du Louvre, Paris
Last Supper, 1495-98, mural, refectory, Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan
Study of St Anne, Mary, the Christ Child and the young St John, 1501-06, lead pencil, pen and ink on paper, Gallerie dell’Accademia, Venice
Vitruvian Man, 1492. pen, ink, watercolour and metalpoint on paper, Gallerie dell’Accademia, Venice
Study for the Sforza monument, 1488-89, metalpoint on bluish prepared paper, Royal Library, Windsor
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Paolo Caliari, known as Veronese after his birthplace, died on this day in 1588 in Venice, where he spent the majority of his career. After training and early work in his native Verona, the artist moved to Venice in 1553, though he would continue to work for patrons throughout the Veneto. Alongside Titian and Tinoretto, Veronese dominated late Renaissance painting in the city on the lagoon, and was widely sought after for portraits, religious narratives, and mythologies. In addition to richly colored oil paintings, Veronese excelled in the medium of fresco like those painted for the Villa Barbaro at Maser. Veronese was famously brought before the inquisition for his on charges that his Last Supper, painted for the refectory of SS. Giovanni e Paolo in Venice, took too much artistic license with the biblical account. After his trial in July 1573, changed the title of his work to Feast in the House of Levi rather than change his composition to suit church officials.
Reference: Diana Gisolfi. “Veronese, Paolo.” Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press.<http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T089003>.
Deposition (or Lamentation), late 1540s, Verona, Italy, Museo di Castelvecchio; photo credit: Cameraphoto Arte, Venice/Art Resource, NY
Holy Family with St. Barbara and the Infant St. John, ca. 1565-70, oil on canvas, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
Giustiniana Barbaro and the wetnurse with the dog standing at a balcony, c. 1561, fresco, Villa Barbaro, Maser, Italy; photo credit: SCALA/Art Resource, NY
Last Supper, renamed the Feast in the House of Levi, oil on canvas, 1573, formerly SS. Giovanni e Paolo, Venice (now Galleria dell’Accademia); photo credit: Alinari/Art Resource, NY
Mars and Venus United by Love, c. 1570, oil on canvas, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Venus and Adonis, 1580-82,oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid
Portrait of Daniele Barbaro, 1561-65, oil on canvas, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Portrait of a Young Man Wearing Lynx Fur, 1551-53, oil on canvas, Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Budapest
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