Alessandro Algardi was born in Bologna in this day in 1598. After working in Bologna, Mantua, and Venice, Algardi moved to Rome where he became one of the leading sculptors of the High Baroque period and a rival to Gianlorenzo Bernini. Following the lead of François Duequesnoy, Algardi adopted a classicizing style that offered an alternative to the high drama of Bernini. Contemporaries saw them as equals, if competitors, and this rivalry likely inspired each artist to ever greater virtuosity. Bernini had been the favorite of Pope Urban VIII, but Innocent X (r. 1644-55) preferred Algardi, which brought him the acclaim he had desired, and deserved, since his arrival in Rome.
Reference: Rudolf Preimesberger. “Algardi, Alessandro.” Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. <http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T001772>.
Beheading of St Paul, c. 1650, Marble, San Paolo Maggiore, Bologna
Monument of Pope Leo XI, 1634-44, Marble, New St. Peter’s, Rome
The Meeting of Leo I and Attila, 1646-53, Marble, New St. Peter’s, Rome
St Mary Magdalene, 1629, Stucco, San Silvestro al Quirinale, Rome
The Holy Family with Two Angels, black chalk on off-white laid paper. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art: Purchase, Fletcher Fund, and Mr. and Mrs. David M. Tobey, Susan H. Seidel, and Sayn-Wittgenstein Fine Art Inc. Gifts, 1997.
The Life of St. Ignatius of Loyola by Peter Paul Rubens:
- Ignatius attends grammar school in Barcelona to learn the Latin he needs for his studies (Translation: In Barcelona, at the age of thirty-three, so that he may train himself for the saving of souls, he applies himself to learn the first elements of Grammar but is taken out of himself and distracted by the Devil who tries in vain to call his soul away from his studies by delightful but irrelevant insights regarding heavenly things.)
- Imprisoned in Salamanca, Ignatius speaks to people
- A house burns as a testament to Ignatius’ innocence
- The director of the college in Paris falls at feet of Ignatius, recognizing his innocence
- Ignatius chooses companions at Paris
- The first seven Companions pronounde vows at Montmartre 15th August 1534
- Ignatius throws himself into an icy river and promises to stay there until a young man he has encountered changes his life
- Upon returning to Spain, Ignatius preaches to crowds
- Ignatius counsels women